Yet, for those people, poetry remains invaluable. Location: Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Mauritania Fact 1 Western Sahara is mainly a desert territory in north-west Africa. Some poets are born into families of poets, others pick it up from listening and learning the craft. male: 46.66 years We wish to express our thanks to all of our clients and especially the colorful community of linguists that make our team great! His poetry preserves practices, language and customs that are alien even to his daughter, who speaks “Rabuni Hassinayah” (the language of the camps, not the language of Western Sahara). Hassaniya Arabic has been influenced by French, Spanish, and Zenaga (a Berber language). All Rights Reserved Western Sahara Overview - Overview - Language - Religion - Interesting Facts - Animal Species. High school graduates are given a Baccalaureat degree, which allows for entrance to or the right to take an entrance exam for a Moroccan university. Currently, there are an estimated 165,000-200,000 Western Saharans living in exile in Algeria. Global Voices", "Western Sahara's Stranded Refugees Consider Renewal of Morocco Conflict",, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2007, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 15:54. It revives the loss, in two senses. expenditures: $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA, Industries: phosphate mining, handicrafts, Electricity - production: 90 million kWh (2000), Electricity - consumption per capita: 83.7 million kWh (2000), Agriculture - products: fruits and vegetables (grown in the few oases); camels, sheep, goats A growing independence movement united the “tribes” as one people of the Sahara - the Saharawi - and was pushing for self-determination from Spain, similar to that which had already been granted neighbouring Algeria and the states of former French West Africa. As Badi once said: “Poets explain humanity and what it is to be human. partners: Morocco claims and administers Western Sahara, so trade partners are In the Moroccan controlled areas, which is the majority of Western Sahara, Moroccan Arabic is more widely spoken and understood. included in overall Moroccan accounts, Imports: $NA A number of other languages may be heard throughout the Western Sahara region. 2,438 to 3,047 m: 3 (2001), Airports - with unpaved runways: However, it is currently the capital of Laayoune-Sakia El Hamra, one of Morocc… rising to small mountains in south and northeast, Elevation extremes: There are no major universities within Western Sahara. The Saharawi poetry of the war years has a unique vibrancy, a sense of humour and is direct and purposeful. Preschool is two years long, with six years of primary school and three years of preparatory school—which is considered basic education—and three years of high school. Spanish, left over from the Spanish colonial era, belongs to the Ibero-Romance subgroup of the Indo-European language family and is written in the Latin alphabet. Mohamed Salem has very little connection with the land about which her father wrote so movingly. Tishuash is a paean to a lost lifestyle. As your brand grows, so does the value. describe the pains of your suffering race, unable to walk in L’juad, Like thousands of other refugees, he fled his home following the 1975 Moroccan annexation of Western Sahara. abandoned all claims to its portion in August 1979; Morocco moved to occupy It is replete with words which even local translators had to ask about; words like srei, meaning “the travelling done before dawn”, torda, which is “a small hole dug where water lies close to the surface after the rains in the middle of a valley”, or as’geig, the “water that forms in pools on concave rocks in the path of a dried-up river”. The primary languages include Hassaniya Arabic and Moroccan Arabic. In Western Sahara the spoken language is Hassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic and the written language is Hassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic. Saharawi poetry itself, composed in the Hassaniyah dialect of Arabic, is little known beyond its own people. Badi cried to see the homeland again but his daughter says she did not feel anything: “Western Sahara to me is like Paris or Berlin - somewhere I have heard of but never been.”. Mostly desert; hot and humid along west coast; temperate in western mountains affected by seasonal monsoon; extraordinarily hot, dry, harsh desert in east, Mostly low, flat desert with large areas of rocky or sandy surfaces rising to small mountains in south and northeast, Most of the population lives in the two-thirds of the area west of the berm (Moroccan-occupied) that divides the territory; about 40% of that populace resides in Laayoune. Western Sahara was originally a Spanish colony and as Spain was preparing to withdraw from Morocco and grant the Western Saharans (or Saharawis) independence, they made a secret deal with Morocco and Mauritania to access the territory. The poet is transported back to this life through his memories of its sights, sounds and smells, rather like how, in a different time and place, John Keats was transported by the song of the nightingale. 15-64 years: NA male(s)/female Sensory memories place Badi back in this lost world, but when he gets so close that he can “smell that animal hide next to the spit / and see the clean bones beside that hide”, this image of death abruptly ends the imaginative journey. We have 438 products available for that language. partitioned between Morocco and Mauritania in April 1976, with Morocco acquiring The primary languages include Hassaniya Arabic and Moroccan Arabic. The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated. Unlock this profile with an Essentials plan.. See the details on every language spoken in Western Sahara, plus: Profiles for every other country in the world; 7,464 profiles covering every language in use today The Western Sahara, controlled by the Spanish since 1884 and by Morocco since 1975, is home to the Sahrawi, a collective name for the indigenous peoples living in and around the region. Although Spanish and Standard Arabic are the official languages of the Polisario Front, the political group in control of some small regions of Western Sahara, they are not the most widely spoken languages in the area. ), Total fertility rate: 6.8 children born/woman (1997 est. Morocco has stretched its educational system throughout the mainly desert land. Written after his trip to the liberated zone, Tishuash is about the desert nomad’s “sweet life full of living” which his daughter’s generation has never known. Educated in Libya and Algeria, his Poem on the Duty of the University Student tries to take up Beyibouh’s exhortation to action in his own appeal to his peers (and himself): Give voice to what you have learned: The territory's estimated population, as of 2000, was 244,943 people. Yet, because of the rupture that happened between generations, even his daughter says, “I do not understand his poems.”.

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