In mainland China, there is a legal party called the Revolutionary Committee of the Kuomintang that is officially one of the nine "consultative parties," according to the PRC's Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference. "The Polls – Trends: Taiwan Public Opinion Trends, 1992–2008: Exploring Attitudes on Cross-Strait Issues." The PRC government is unwilling to negotiate with the ROC government under any formulation other than One-China policy, although a more flexible definition of "one China" such as found in the 1992 consensus is possible under PRC policy.
From the perspective of the ROC constitution, which the mainstream political parties such as the KMT and DPP currently respect and recognize, changing the ROC's governing status or completely clarifying Taiwan's political status would at best require amending the ROC constitution. Both the PRC and the ROC carry out Cross-Strait relations through specialized agencies (such as the Mainland Affairs Council of the ROC), rather than through foreign ministries. Over the past three decades, estimates of how long the ROC can withstand a full-scale invasion from across the Strait without any outside help have decreased from three months to only six days. The controversy regarding the political status of Taiwan, sometimes referred to as the Taiwan Issue or Taiwan Strait Issue, or from a Taiwanese perspective as the Mainland Issue, is a result of the Chinese Civil War and the subsequent split of China into the two present-day self-governing entities of the People's Republic of China (PRC; commonly known as "China") and the Republic of China (ROC; commonly known as "Taiwan"). Taiwan Redesigns Passport To Assert Independence, Shrinks Words 'Republic Of China' Taiwan has decided to introduce a new passport design wherein the words “Taiwan” and “Passport” are highlighted in English so it's easier to distinguish. But to make such an argument, one has to reject China's claim of sovereignty over the territory of the Taiwan island, a claim that has been recognized by most states in the world.. Department of Defense. legitimacy remark", "US scrambles as Powell learns the art of 'diplospeak, "Taiwan struggles with Chinese dissidents", "Taiwan demands Apple change map that shows it as part of China", Military and Security Developments Involving the People's Republic of China, 2011, "U.S. Intel Report on Taiwan Air Power Released", "War simulations reveal communication problem", "The Asia-Pacific Maritime Security Strategy: Achieving U.S. National Security Objectives in a Changing Environment.
road. Similarly, the government in Taiwan maintains quasi-diplomatic offices in most nations under various names, most commonly as the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office. Today, the ROC is the de facto government of Taiwan; whereas the PRC is the de facto government over Mainland China. These concerns have led to a view in certain quarters that Taiwanese independence, if it is to be implemented, should be attempted as early as possible, while the ROC still has the capacity to defend itself in an all-out military conflict. Others use the term "Taiwan Strait Issue" because it implies nothing about sovereignty and because "Cross-Strait relations" is a term used by both the ROC and the PRC to describe their interactions.  Zhu says in his speech at MIT University on April 15, 1999, "These raw materials and the components are mainly imported from Japan, [Korea], Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, while the value-added parts in China is very, very insignificant.  In January 2008 Malawi's foreign minister reported Malawi decided to cut diplomatic recognition of the Republic of China and recognize the People's Republic of China. This case was opposed by the United States government. Lin, Yitzu, and Hsieh, John Fuh-Sheng. President Ma also interprets the cross-strait relations as "special", "but not that between two nations". Japan renounced all rights to Taiwan in the Treaty of San Francisco in 1951 and the Treaty of Taipei of 1952 without an explicit recipient. Today, Taiwan has received threats of invasion from China for several decades. In the Cairo Conference of 1943, the allied powers agreed to have Japan restore "all the territories Japan has stolen from the Chinese", specifically listing "Formosa" and Penghu, to the Republic of China after the defeat of Japan. Article 8 of the March 2005 "Anti-Secession Law" states Beijing would resort to "non-peaceful means" if "secessionist forces . Regarding the ROC, one ideology within Taiwan independence regards the ROC as already an independent, sovereign state, and seeks to amend the ROC's existing name, constitution, and existing framework to reflect the loss of ROC's mainland territory, and transform ROC into a Taiwan state; while another ideology of Taiwan independence regards the ROC as both a military government that has been administering the Taiwan island as a result of post-war military occupation on behalf of the allies of World War II since 1945, and a Chinese refugee regime currently in exile on Taiwan since 1949, and seeks to eliminate the ROC and establish a new independent Taiwan state. The Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Working Paper, 1–24. “We are working with several other groups such as Students For A Free Tibet, the Uyghur Human Rights Project, and the Hong Kong International Alliance,” Wu said.
President Chen has repeatedly refused to endorse the One China Principle or the more "flexible" 1992 Consensus the PRC demands as a precursor to negotiations with the PRC. , In 2016, Tsai Ing-Wen of the DPP won a landslide victory on the Presidential election, and was later re-elected for the second term in 2020. 7–21). The PRC seeks to end Taiwan's de facto independence through the process of reunification. " the Republic of China military forces) on behalf of the Allies, according to the directions of General Douglas MacArthur, head of the United States Military Government, in General Order No. Los Al student starts group to promote Taiwan independence, Pulver praises community for successful LAUSD reopen, Youth Center granted $30,000 to add new RASCALS location, Cypress government says “not hiding” anything with Measure P, Rossmoor man riding to find a cure for Multiple Sclerosis, Umberg wants consumers to control of their genetic data. The ROC and PRC both officially support the One China policy and thus share common arguments. The position of PRC is that the ROC and PRC are two different factions in the Chinese Civil War, which never legally ended. 8, SAGE Publications, Dec. 2017, pp.
On 24 October 2006, Dr. Roger C. S. Lin led a group of Taiwanese residents, including members of the Taiwan Nation Party, to file a Complaint for Declaratory Relief in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia. Chinese fighter jets and bombers have entered Taiwan’s air defence zone with increasing frequency in recent months, while propaganda films have shown simulated attacks on Taiwan-like territories. China's Anti-Secession Law and Hu Jintao's Taiwan Policy. The ROC, which took control of Taiwan (including Penghu and other nearby islands) in 1945, ruled mainland China and claimed sovereignty over Outer Mongolia (now Mongolia) and Tannu Uriankhai (part of which is present day Tuva, Russia) before losing the Chinese Civil War to the Communist Party of China (CPC) and relocating its government and capital city from Nanjing (alternately spelled as "Nanking") to Taipei as temporary capital in December 1949.
The political solution that is accepted by many of the current groups is the perspective of the status quo: to unofficially treat Taiwan as a state and at a minimum, to officially declare no support for the government of this state making a formal declaration of independence.
For instance, it is argued by Jacques deLisle that "An additional difficulty for Taiwan is the implicit fifth of the four criteria for statehood under international law: some assertion by the relevant authorities that the entity is, in fact, a state". " In July 1971 the U.S. State Department's position was, and remains: "As Taiwan and the Pescadores are not covered by any existing international disposition, sovereignty over the area is an unsettled question subject to future international resolution. But with the growth of the PRC navy and air force, some doubt that the ROC could withstand a determined invasion attempt from mainland China in the future. , May 2009 Taiwan's (Republic of China) Department of the Interior published a survey examining whether people in Taiwan see themselves as Taiwanese, Chinese or both.  The PRC, unable to track the ships' movements, and probably unwilling to escalate the conflict, quickly backed down. The rapid military modernization is continually changing the military balance of power towards mainland China. Article 25 of this treaty officially stipulated that only the Allied Powers defined in the treaty could benefit from this treaty. Beijing has ramped up diplomatic and military pressure on Taiwan, officially known as the Republic of China, since the 2016 election of President Tsai Ing-wen, who views the island as a de facto sovereign nation and not part of the “One China” policy. However, critics of the preemptive strike theory assert that the PRC would be loath to give Japan and the US such an excuse to intervene. , On 26 October 2005, Senegal broke off relations with the Republic of China and established diplomatic contacts with Beijing. Although the People's Liberation Army Air Force is considered large, most of its fleet consists of older generation J-7 fighters (localized MiG-21s and Mig-21BIs), raising doubts over the PLAAF's ability to control Taiwan's airspace in the event of a conflict.
 There are also those from the PRC who informally refer to Taiwan as a country.  The US also collects data on the PRC's military deployments, through the use of spy satellites, for example. This hostile reaction by mainland China is the result of China implementing Putnam's Two-Level Game theory.
So, this treaty therefore renders Japan's declaration of the returning of sovereignty over Taiwan to China as well as the PRC's UN Ambassador, Wang Yingfan's claims regarding China's right to sovereignty over Taiwan, as legally extraneous and unsubstantiated. A ratification by the ROC National Assembly is therefore unnecessary. President Chen Shui-bian (2000 – May 2008) fully supported the idea that the "Republic of China is an independent, sovereign country" but held the view that the Republic of China is Taiwan and Taiwan does not belong to the People's Republic of China. Journal of Asian and African Studies, vol. , In February 2007, the Royal Grenada Police Band played the National Anthem of the Republic of China in an inauguration of the reconstructed St George's Queen's Park Stadium funded by the PRC.
What ROC president, Chen Shui-bian, means by this is that there are other ways of combatting China as a powerful hegemon. 5, Par. ", Starting in 2000, Japan renewed its defense obligations with the US and embarked on a rearmament program, partly in response to fears that Taiwan might be invaded. Analysts say Taiwan’s disappearance from Europe’s agenda may be coming to a halt as bloc’s scepticism of China grows. Wu intends to organize group rallies at Chinese embassies as a part of the “Fridays for Freedom” campaign and other in-person events as soon as the spread of COVID-19 fully slows. , The PRC and Taiwan have agreed to increase cooperation in the area of law enforcement.