02 Thursday Jul 2020. ( Log Out /  On May 31, 1740, Friedrich-Wilhelm I died and was succeeded by her son, Friedrich II (the Great). In 1652, Sophia met her future husband, Duke Ernst August of Brunswick-Luneburg. Translations, and Commentaries (Oxford Early Christian Texts) Hardcover – 4 During this time, she became friends with Gottfried Leibniz , a librarian at the ‘Court of Hanover.’Along with him, she published a correspondence in the 19th century proving that she was exceptionally intelligent and ahead of her time. Sophia was known to be a well-educated intellectual, well-versed with arts, history, and other subjects. She was walking in the gardens of ‘Herrenhausen’ when it suddenly started pouring and she ran for shelter, collapsed, and died. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. ( Log Out /  Sophia, a granddaughter of James VI and I, died less than two months before she would have become queen; her claim to the throne passed on to her eldest son, George Louis, Elector of Hanover, who ascended as George I on 1 August 1714 (Old Style).

Had Anne died before Sophia, Sophia would have been the oldest person ever to ascend the throne of the Great Britain. Sophia-Dorothea of Hanover (March 26, 1687 – June 28, 1757) was a Queen Consort in Prussia as spouse of King Friedrich-Wilhelm I. Sophia-Dorothea presided at the wedding of her son Prince August-Wilhelm in 1742, when he married Luise of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1722-1780) was daughter of Ferdinand-Albrecht II, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and his wife Duchess Antoinette of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Part V Conclusion. [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons On this day in 1630, a da... Sophia as dowager Electress of Hanover, around the time she was proclaimed heir presumptive of the British crown. William III died in 1702, Anne became queen and Sophia became heir presumptive. Furthermore, it was on account of their Tudor blood that the Stuarts based their own claim to the English crown. Sophia did, in fact, have scruples about disinheriting her Stuart cousins, but she soon overcame them, believing that she and her descendants could succeed where James II and his Catholic progeny were doomed to failure. They understood from the start that they were there only by the Will of Parliament - which, over the 19th and 20th centuries, gradually became the will of the people - and that they could be dismissed at any time, as easily as they had been summoned. Their friendship lasted from 1676 until her death in 1714. Sophia was made heiress presumptive for the purpose of cutting off any claim by the Roman Catholic James Francis Edward Stuart, who would otherwise have become James III & VIII, as well as denying the throne to many other Roman Catholics and spouses of Roman Catholics who held a claim. Over the centuries, they have transformed themselves, from German autocrats into thoroughly British constitutional monarchs, (who have, incidentally, gained a hundredfold in influence what they have lost in actual power). She was succeeded by Sophia’s eldest son, who became king as George I, founder of the Hanoverian dynasty. It is available buy online in print and e-book editions. For the last 300 years, her descendants have provided their subjects with a regal figurehead and rallying point in times of both triumph and tragedy. Some believe she suffered from porphyria like her father. Upon Sophia's death, her eldest son Elector George Louis of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1660–1727) became heir presumptive in her place, and weeks later, succeeded Anne as George I. Sophia's daughter Sophia Charlotte of Hanover (1668–1705) married Frederick I of Prussia, from whom the later Prussian and German monarchs descend.

Sophia had seven children who reached adulthood, including King George. A new website dedicated to the l... *Posthumous portrait painted by Michael Pacher in cirka 1490. Celebrities Who Look Beautiful Even Without Makeup, Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon, Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia. Michael Dahl [Public domain] via Wikimedia Commons On this day in 1714, Anne, Queen of Great Britain died, having suffered a stroke da... John Toland, the Irish-born philosopher whose writings had an important influence on the early Enlightenment period of European history, w... Sophie of the Palatinate, electress of Hanover, in her younger days. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sophia_of_Hanover, Sophia of Hanover was born Sophia of the Palatinate, on 14 October, 1630, in the Wassaener Hof, The Hague. From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core.

Sophia-Dorothea of Hanover Sophia Dorothea was born in Hanover. Two months later, Anne also died, leaving Sophia’s son, George Louis, as the King of Great Britain. Part II. According to the Countess of Bückeburg in a letter to Sophia's niece, the Raugravine Luise,[16] on 5 June 1714 Sophia felt ill after receiving an angry letter from Queen Anne. Therefore, Sophia became Electress of Hanover, the title by which she is best remembered. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Sophia never saw the country of which she might have been queen. Everything is in God’s hands. ( Log Out /  A letter from Anne firmly banning Sophia and her family from England arrived a few days before Sophia’s death and deeply upset her. Aged 83, she died at the palace at Herrenhausen in Hanover, collapsing after rushing indoors to get out of a sudden rain shower. Had Sophia lived, she would have ascended to the throne. © Copyright 2020 History Today Ltd. Company no. In 1701, there were 54 people who had a greater right to the British throne, in strictly hereditary terms, than the House of Hanover, but then, the English throne had never been bound by strict rules of inheritance. Through her mother, she was the granddaughter of James VI and I, king of Scotland and England. A letter from Anne firmly banning Sophia and her family from England arrived a few days before Sophia’s death and deeply upset her. In 1700, she met her cousin King William III of England, two months after the death of his nephew Prince William, son of Queen Anne. The Act of Settlement, 1701 and the Hanoverian Suc... Sophie, Princess Palatine of the Rhine.

She was well-read in the works of René Descartes and Baruch Spinoza. Her mother spent little time with her, but made sure she had an excellent education in subjects from Latin and Greek to mathematics and theology. The Swedish match was preferred by his father, King Friedrich I, who wished to form a matrimonial alliance with Sweden, and thus the official Finck was sent to Stockholm under the pretext of an adjustment of the disputes regarding Pomerania, but in reality to observe the princess before issuing formal negotiations: Friedrich-Wilhelm, however, preferred Sophia Dorothea and successfully tasked Finck with making such a deterring report of Ulrika Eleonora to his father that he would encounter less opposition when he informed his father of his choice. The heiress to the crowns of England and Ireland died on June 8th, 1714. According to Wikipedia, there are currently about 5000 living direct descendants of Sophia of Hanover; not all of them in the line of succession.

[8], In September 1700, Sophia met her cousin, King William III of England and II of Scotland, at Loo.

However, a letter from an angry Queen Anne affected Sophia so much that it led to her death in 1714. This is understandable but, nevertheless, regrettable.

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