European Commission (2019): Forest Fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa 2018. Large forest fires in recent years have affected various regions in northern and western Europe in which fires were not prevalent in the past. The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) supports the services in charge of the protection of forests against fires in the EU countries and provides the European Commission services and the European Parliament with updated and reliable information on wildland fires in Europe. https://strangesounds.org/2019/04/norway-europe-fires-video-no-control.html For references, please go to https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/forest-fire-danger-3/assessment or scan the QR code. Hundreds of lives have been lost and billions of euros in damages have been recorded. .css-14iz86j-BoldText{font-weight:bold;}Hundreds of people have had to leave their homes in Norway as emergency services try to extinguish forest fires raging in the south of the country. We know our readers value our reporting, and the outpouring of support we have received since the beginning of the crisis shows that our readers are willing to step up for the journalism that they trust and value. ), A firefighter looks at a wildfire near Genoa, Italy, 26 March 2019.
Forest fires have broken out in several parts of northern Europe this month amid hot temperatures. For example, one modelling study using process-based vegetation models rather than meteorological fire indices projects large increases in fire risk also for eastern Europe and parts of northern Europe [xi]. VideoBrothers play tabla to the BBC theme tune, The Countdown: President Ariana and astronauts vote, The three-year-old orphaned by war.

It highlights that ‘Action to mitigate and adapt to climate change will increase the resilience of the Union’s economy and society, while stimulating innovation and protecting the Union’s natural resources.’ Consequently, several priority objectives of the 7th EAP refer to climate change adaptation. The EU needs a policy framework that coordinates and ensures coherence of forest-related This has dried out the landscape, producing tinder for natural forest fires that were probably ignited by lightning. The new forest strategy is a key reference in forest-related policy development. The median of the five model ensemble is shown for each period. The burnt area in the Mediterranean region has shown a slightly decreasing trend since 1980, but with high interannual variability; the meteorological fire hazard has increased over the same period as a result of global climate change. Modelling studies including adaptation options show that projected increases in forest fire risk could be substantially reduced by additional adaptation measures, such as prescribed burning, fire breaks, enhanced fire suppression and continued prevention activities [xiii]. Please consider making a recurring contribution to EURACTIV Media Network for Europe.

11 (November 2015): 2256–72, https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JG003036. Climate-ADAPT has been developed jointly by the European Commission and the European Environment Agency (EEA) to share knowledge on (1) observed and projected climate change and its impacts on environmental and social systems and on human health, (2) relevant research, (3) EU, transnational, national and subnational adaptation strategies and plans, and (4) adaptation case studies. This demand is an opportunity fuel load and condition), topography, forest management practices and the socio-economic context. This evaluation includes recommendations for the further development and implementation of adaptation policies at all levels. Fires burned across parts of Europe where conditions were warm and dry. Further objectives include ‘Promoting adaptation in key vulnerable sectors through climate-proofing EU sector policies’ and ‘Promoting action by Member States’. Please consider making a recurring, Wildfires trap 2,000 villagers in Portugal, EU’s hero firefighters head north to fight blazes, Extreme weather cost Europe nearly half a trillion euros so far, European Parliament calls for ban on unpaid internships, Russia rejects 'unacceptable' US conditions to extend nuclear arms treaty, US and Chinese tech giants welcomed into 'EU sovereign' cloud project, UK no longer top Erasmus destination for students, EU countries warm up recovery fund engine, Czechs drop opposition to 2030 climate goal ahead of EU summit, Attacks by Armenia against Azerbaijani civilians and critical infrastructure should not be overlooked, Poland slams EU 'Soviet-style blackmailing' on rule of law, German restrictions 'not tough enough to avert disaster', says Merkel, Europe’s 2019 wildfires already exceed last year’s blazes. The median of the five model ensemble is shown for each period. Van Wagner et al., 1987: Development and Structure of the Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index System. The European Union’s joint research centre (JRC) has stated that wildfires have burned more land in Europe in the first part of 2019 (250,000 hectares) than in the whole of 2018. "The season is drastically worse than those of the last decade.". • Satisfy the growing demand for raw material for existing and new products (e.g. However, climatic factors and the availability of fuel determine the conditions under which fires occur and spread, once ignition has occurred. But if fires in the region become more common, that could have even bigger consequences. The fires began in June, spurred by an extremely hot and dry early summer. ■, This article appeared in the Europe section of the print edition under the headline "Ice and fire", Sign up to our free daily newsletter, The Economist today, Published since September 1843 to take part in “a severe contest between intelligence, which presses forward, and an unworthy, timid ignorance obstructing our progress.”. and forest sector need to be positioned in a way that ensures their contribution to the EU’s This information should not be behind a paywall, and we remain committed to providing our content for free. The projected increase in fire risk in southern Europe are robust across different modelling approaches whereas the projections for northern Europe are more uncertain. .css-8h1dth-Link{font-family:ReithSans,Helvetica,Arial,freesans,sans-serif;font-weight:700;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;color:#FFFFFF;}.css-8h1dth-Link:hover,.css-8h1dth-Link:focus{-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}Read about our approach to external linking. The evaluation package includes a report from the Commission, a Commission staff working document, the adaptation preparedness scoreboard country fiches and reports from the JRC Peseta III project. The 7th EAP is intended to help guide EU action on the environment and climate change up to and beyond 2020. To complement the information from past forest fires are routinely used to rate the fire potential due to weather conditions. Forest fire danger in the present climate and projected changes under two climate change scenarios. This will be achieved by bridging knowledge gaps and further developing the European climate adaptation platform (Climate-ADAPT) as the ‘first-stop shop’ for climate adaptation information in Europe. [xi] Minchao Wu et al., ‘Sensitivity of Burned Area in Europe to Climate Change, Atmospheric CO 2 Levels, and Demography: A Comparison of Two Fire-Vegetation Models’,Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 120, no. we can send you a new one. Fires Burn Across the UK. Frequent and large-scale fires have negative impacts on air and water quality, threaten biodiversity, increase the risks of soil erosion and spoil the aesthetics of a landscape. In 2017, the Mechanism was activated 18 times for forest fire emergencies in Europe. This database is an important component of EFFIS. Land In winter it is blanketed in snow; in summer, its forests are lush and its wetlands soggy. Fires in Europe "are way above the average" for this time of year, an official at the EU's European Forest Fire Information System (Effis) told the BBC. Receive notifications of our most recent images! In April 2013, the European Commission adopted an EU strategy on adaptation to climate change, which has been welcomed by the EU Member States.

[xii] Marco Turco et al., ‘Exacerbated Fires in Mediterranean Europe Due to Anthropogenic Warming Projected with Non-Stationary Climate-Fire Models’,Nature Communications 9, no. The EEA is an agency of the European Union. Could blood plasma help treat coronavirus?

"The starting conditions for vegetation in 2019 are in many areas of Germany clearly worse than last year," said agriculture meteorologist Udo Busch. Sweden experienced its worst fire seasons ever in 2018, which required international fire-fighting assistance through the European Civil Protection Mechanism [ii].
Police say the fires are still out of control and warn that heavy winds could help them to spread. Climate change assessment of the Fire Weather Index (FWI) aggregated component, computed daily from 1980 to 2100 for five models (see Table 4 of de Rigo et al., 2017 https://doi.org/10.2760/13180). It was relaunched in early 2019 with a new design and updated content. Member states are currently able to get funding in return for making their firefighting resources, including personnel and aircraft, available for cross-border operations. EU forests

should be coordinated with traditional demands, and respect sustainable boundaries. Our low-carbon growth has long been decoupled from resource use, setting the pace for a safe and sustainable global society.’. Recent years have seen many deadly fires affect European Union Member States. However, there is a large variability from one year to the next, which is determined strongly by the seasonal meteorological conditions. EURACTIV MEDIA NETWORK BV. [iii] Folmer Krikken et al., ‘Attribution of the Role of Climate Change in the Forest Fires in Sweden2018’, preprint (Atmospheric, Meteorological and Climatological Hazards, 13 August 2019), https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2019-206. It is what is happening below ground that most worries ecologists and climate scientists. Demand for new uses in the bioeconomy and in bioenergy The EEA Web CMS works best with following browsers: Internet Explorer is not recommended for the CMS area. In 2018, the total for the year was just 181,000 and the season only really kicked off in June. The task is even harder for large peat fires. [Photo: EPA-EFE/LUCA ZENNARO], Comments Print Email Facebook Twitter LinkedIn WhatsApp. “What is scary about the Arctic fires is that they are driven by climate change, and as such there’s very little you can do,” says Thomas Smith, who studies wildfires at the London School of Economics. EEA Web Team, Software updated on The evaluation found that the EU Adaptation Strategy has been a reference point to prepare Europe for the climate impacts to come, at all levels. And we thank you for your support. Your financial support helps build the future of our network of newsrooms across Europe.


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